One of my favorite teachers of all time wrote a blog post this weekend questioning the effectiveness of assigning summer homework and it was amazing. I suggest you all read it on his blog, The Readiness is All. At the end, he asks readers to share their thoughts in a comment or blog post response. In the beginning I was going to just leave a short comment and be on my way, but then I realized I had a lot more to say on the subject then would be courteous to leave in a comment. So here I am, blogging about summer homework, two-week into school. You would think my opinions would have died down after being in school for two weeks, but nope, I’m still really passionate in my displeasure about summer homework.
To start off, I have had summer homework in at least one class for the past three years. This past summer was amazing because college doesn’t have required summer homework(that I know of. Oh gosh, what if they do? Oh no.) and it was amazing. It was sharply contrasted by my sister’s summer in which she had three books to read for freshman honors english. Some might argue that the books weren’t super long or hard to read, but that isn’t the point.
The point is that she read all three books diligently and did not wait until the last-minute, but as the first day of school crept closer and closer, she got more and more stressed out. Talk about nerve-racking! Imagine starting a new school for the first time, one where everyone is bigger than you and there are a bazillion people everywhere. The stress of six new teachers, finding your classes, having somewhere to eat lunch, being able to find one’s friends in the sea of people, opening one’s locker…the list of stressors goes on and on. Then add the stress of an impending test and multiple essays to be done in class within the first week of school. Poor freshman, I did not want to be in her shoes.
The day before school started for her, I received probably 15 texts, 3 phone calls, and one long FaceTime call in which she was in tears, stressed about the test and essays. She was so nervous that she would fail and her teacher would think she was stupid and a failure, and even worse, have him think she didn’t even read the book. She had no idea what to expect except the teachers had given a list of nine essay prompts and said, “Be prepared to answer three of these in class on the first day of school.” I counseled her and told her that it would be extremely rare for a teacher(especially of freshman) to give a test on the first day because people are getting lost, coming in late, finding their assigned seat, etc. It just doesn’t work to give a test within those first fifty-six minutes. She still wanted to be prepared, so she set to writing an essay answering each of the prompts. She wrote three essays before I was able to convince her that if she felt that she needed to write the essays, to just write bullet points. She was so stressed.
I know teachers don’t sit around all summer thinking up new ways to torture their students(if they do, that’s a bigger problem than one of summer homework). So I would like to think that if they knew what summer homework put their students through, they might think twice about assigning it. Now I know, the reason summer homework is assigned is so that the class can hit the ground running and cover more material in the course of the year. There has only been ONE class that I have found this statement even partially true and the summer homework necessary. That class was AP Biology.
In AP Bio, we had four chapters to go over and do activities for on our own over the summer. It was all review from regular biology, which was a prerequisite so everyone completing the summer homework had taken it, AND we went over it all in class, so if anyone had questions they could get them answered. The only reason summer homework was assigned in the first place was that the AP test requires so much material to be covered, that one must start in the summer, just to have the time to cover all the required material adequately. Which is a whole other problem in itself. Why design a test in which all material cannot be covered within the school year? Oh well, that will have to be a completely separate blog post. The summer homework is justified in the extremely high pass rate that our school has on the AP Biology test.
What I don’t understand is assigned reading for English classes. And not to bash on the English department at my school; I enjoyed every English class I was in, but I still don’t understand the purpose of the summer reading homework they assign. I can only come up with two plausible reasons as to why summer reading homework would be assigned.
Reason One: The teachers want to scare of the faint of heart(in an academic sense). They don’t want to deal with students who don’t want to do the level of work required of a higher level English course. I don’t blame them. There have been many a time when I have been in class frustrated because some of my classmates did not want to put in the effort and work required of the class, thus unfortunately sometimes bringing the entire class down. I love being in a class with all academic thinking students just as much as a teacher like teaching one. When everyone is participating and putting something into the class, it transforms the class; discussions flow freely, group projects are no longer a pain, and the positives can go on forever. But I’m not so sure that assigned summer reading is going to solve that problem.
In fact, in assigning summer reading, one is more likely to scare away those students who are on the fence between excelling in a regular level English class and being challenged in an honors or AP class. You won’t scare away the students who are forced by their parents to take the upper level course, just to get into a “good college”. They will just read Sparknotes and take whatever grade they get on the first tests, because they don’t really care. You won’t scare away those kids that are naturally smart, but have no desire to put any effort into the course. All who get scared away are the timid ones, those unsure about their academic strength, but willing to put in the effort to get to that next level if needed.
Reason Two: Summer reading is important because it helps classes to cover more books in a year, which ultimately helps students on the AP Literature test as they will have more books to choose from when they are writing their free response essays. I’m pretty sure no teacher can wholeheartedly say this and believe it one hundred percent. No student in May of their senior year is going to recall a book they read over the summer before freshman year enough to write a fully developed essay on it. For one, it is highly likely that after reading that book over the summer, they took a test on it and never discussed it again. Which ultimately won’t help them on the AP test, because on the test one is required to examine the book on a deeper level than just knowing what the book was about. Class discussion of a book help set those themes in stone in a student’s mind, so that they can, hopefully, recall them when necessary. Also, speaking solely from my personal experience taking the AP Literature test; you read enough of a variety of books senior year that you can answer just about any prompt and relate it to one of the books read that year quite easily.
There are some many things students can do during the summer that would be way more worthwhile and thought-provoking than summer homework. I could list them out, but I think you get the picture. (If you need an idea of what I’m talking about, check out my previous blog post about what I did this summer!)
In conclusion, I am going to echo the wise question of Mr. Theriault; why is summer homework still being assigned? If you have an answer, or see a reason for keeping it that I haven’t thought of, feel free to comment below!